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Conservation Areas - Glossary        

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Transcript of extracts from Coventry City Council "Sponstreet Townscape Scheme" 1993 brochure

.................................. GLOSSARY
Bar A barrier closing the entrance into a city, formed originally of posts, rails and a chain.  The term was sometimes afterwards applied to the gate by which these were replaced. 
Bay A division of a building defined by regular vertical features such as the' main timbers or windows. 
Close-studding Closely spaced vertical timbers (studs) which are structurally unnecessary in a timber-framed budding, but used for decorative effect (l6th-l7th centuries).  
Comber One whose business it is to comb wool.
Cordwainer A worker in cordwain (or cordovan) leather, the name deriving from Cordova, Spain, where this leather was originally processed.  The term came to be more specifically applied to a shoemaker, as this type of leather was much used for shoes worn by the higher classes during the Middle Ages.
Cusp Part of the decorative edging to Gothic carving, the cusp being the pointed 'headland', and the foil being the curved 'bay'.
Fletcher One who makes or deals in arrows.
Fuller One whose occupation is to full cloth; that is, to tread or beat the cloth in order to cleanse or thicken it.
Half-floored hall An open hall which extends, at ground floor level, into an adjoining two-storey bay, so that the first floor of the latter overhangs as a jetty.
Hall The principal room in a medieval house, open to the roof and heated by a fire on a central hearth (the smoke escaping through a vent in the roof).  Out of fashion by the mid-l6th century.
Jetty That part of an upper floor on a timber-framed building which projects from the wall below, forming an overhang.
Salter A manufacturer of, or dealer in, salt.
Tenement In this context, a dwelling-house or habitation.
Whittawer One who treats leather to retain its natural colour and make it soft and pliant; often specifically a saddler or harness maker. (The word is made up of two parts: WHIT from 'whitleather', a type of leather of a white or light colour; and TAWING, i.e. dressing with alum and salt, so as to retain the natural colour.)
Windbrace Timber, often curved, connecting a purlin to a principal rafter (in a roof).
Woader A dyer using woad (a blue dye-stuff from the leaves of a plant), or one who cultivates the woad plant for this purpose.




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